Argumentation 23 (1):81-107 (2009)

Authors
Fabrizio Macagno
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Douglas Walton
University of Windsor
Abstract
In this paper we analyze the uses and misuses of argumentation schemes from verbal classification, and show how argument from definition supports argumentation based on argument from verbal classification. The inquiry has inevitably included the broader study of the concept of definition. The paper presents the schemes for argument from classification and for argument from definition, and shows how the latter type of argument so typically supports the former. The problem of analyzing arguments based on classification is framed in a structure that reveals the crucial role it plays in the persuasion process. The survey of the literature includes the work of Hastings, Perelman, Kienpointner and Schiappa, but still finds much of value in Aristotle. Lessons drawn from Aristotle’s Topics are shown to be useful for developing new tools for assessing definitions and arguments from definition
Keywords Argumentation schemes  Definition  Persuasive definition  Argument from definition to classification  Aristotle  Topics
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DOI 10.1007/s10503-008-9110-2
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References found in this work BETA

Argumentation Schemes.Douglas Walton, Chris Reed & Fabrizio Macagno - 2008 - Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
The New Rhetoric: A Treatise on Argumentation.Chaïm Perelman - 1969 - Notre Dame, [Ind.]University of Notre Dame Press.
Ethics and Language.Charles L. Stevenson - 1945 - American Mathematical Society.
Fundamentals of Critical Argumentation.Douglas Walton - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.

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Similarity, Precedent and Argument From Analogy.Douglas Walton - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (3):217-246.
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Persuasive Definition.Andrew Aberdein - 1997 - In H. V. Hansen, C. W. Tindale & A. V. Colman (eds.), Argumentation and Rhetoric. Vale.
Argumentation Schemes.Douglas Walton, Chris Reed & Fabrizio Macagno - 2008 - Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

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