The Two Dimensions of Kant's Concept of Subject

Philosophy and Culture 33 (9):165-180 (2006)

Abstract

The main concept of Kant's philosophy has always been seen as only a priori functional entities: a rational, however, to achieve a complete understanding of Kant's concept of the subject, but also another dimension to the concept for the main study. This is the physical nature of the subject: the individual. Therefore, the physical nature of the subject and the transcendental subject of Kant also constitute two important dimensions of the main concepts. Although the physical nature of the subject in Kant's transcendental method been rejected, but the basic philosophy of Kant in the direction it had a major impact, so the paper emphasizes that it is Kant's concept of a dark subject line. Substantial impact on the subject of Kant's philosophy mainly through individual and group work for the unity of opposites. Kant's successors did not see Kant's concept of the two main dimensions, but one-sided development of the universality of Kant's transcendental side of the body, thus bringing the modern philosophy of subjectivity into the doctrine of the absolute subject. the concept of subject in Kant's philosophy has so far only been regarded as a transcendental functional one, ie the reason. But the full comprehension of Kant's concept of subject needs the other dimension of it. This dimension is the one of substantiality, ie the individual . So the transcendental subject and individual subject constitute the two dimensions of Kant's concept of subject. The former is the open wire, and the latter is the dark one. Although the latter was spurned by Kant, we still argued that it is the indispensable component of Kant's concept of subject, because it exerts far-reaching influence on the inclination of Kant's subject. The successors of Kant's philosophers did not think much of this dark line, however, they developed this concept in the direct of dimension of transcendental subject,, the result of which is to put it to the extreme. Thus arose the problem of absolute subjectivism in modern philosophy

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