In Marcin Milkowski & Konrad Kalmont-Taminski (eds.), Beyond Description: Naturalism and Normativity. College Publications (2010)

Authors
Lisa Warenski
CUNY Graduate Center
Abstract
Broadly speaking, a naturalistic approach to epistemology seeks to explain human knowledge – and justification in particular – as a phenomenon in the natural world, in keeping with the tenets of naturalism. Naturalism is typically defined, in part, by a commitment to scientific method as the only legitimate means of attaining knowledge of the natural world. Naturalism is often thought to entail empiricism by virtue of this methodological commitment. However, scientific methods themselves may incorporate a priori elements, so empiricism does not follow from the methodological commitments of naturalism alone. And given a suitably-naturalistic conception of the a priori, a priori forms of justification may be compatible with naturalism generally. A priori justification is, in principle, compatible with naturalism – and hence naturalistic epistemologies – if the a priori is understood in a way that is free of some of the inessential properties that have been associated with the concept. I argue that some of the more prominent strategies for accommodating normative notions within a naturalistic framework allow for the possibility of a priori justification. These include reliabilism, instrumental rationality, and nonfactualism about justification. A priori justification thus need not be seen as standing in opposition to all naturalistic epistemologies. It is only with nonnormative naturalistic epistemologies that a priori justification per se is incompatible, and this only because the notion of justification itself has no role to play within a nonnormative approach to epistemology
Keywords naturalism  normativity  epistemology
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy the book Find it on Amazon.com
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 71,259
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Naturalism, Fallibilism, and the a Priori.Lisa Warenski - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 142 (3):403-426.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Normative Naturalism and the Relativised a Priori.Dan McArthur - 2005 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 36 (2):331 - 350.
Naturalism, Fallibilism, and the a Priori.Lisa Warenski - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 142 (3):403-426.
Naturalistic Epistemologies and Normativity.Elisabeth Pacherie - 2002 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 2 (3):299-317.
A Dilemma for Naturalized Epistemology?Shane Oakley - 2011 - In Michael Shaffer & Michael Veber (eds.), What Place for the A Priori? Open Court. pp. 157.
The Justification of a Priori Intuitions.Paul Tidman - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (1):161-171.
Laudan, Friedman and the Role of the A Priori in Science.Dan Mcarthur - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32:169-190.
Modest a Priori Knowledge and Justification.Peter J. Markie - 2000 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 38 (S1):179-189.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2012-05-20

Total views
39 ( #292,975 of 2,518,488 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #271,901 of 2,518,488 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes