Knowledge, certainty, and skepticism: A cross-cultural study

In Stephen Stich, Masaharu Mizumoto & Eric McCready (eds.), Epistemology for the rest of the world. Oxford University Press. pp. 187-214 (2018)

Authors
Joshua Alexander
Siena College
Karen Yan
National Yang-Ming University
John Philip Waterman
University of New England (United States)
1 more
Abstract
We present several new studies focusing on “salience effects”—the decreased tendency to attribute knowledge to someone when an unrealized possibility of error has been made salient in a given conversational context. These studies suggest a complicated picture of epistemic universalism: there may be structural universals, universal epistemic parameters that influence epistemic intuitions, but that these parameters vary in such a way that epistemic intuitions, in either their strength or propositional content, can display patterns of genuine cross-cultural diversity.
Keywords Salience effects, contextualism, experimental philosophy
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