„Koniec historii” Francisa Fukuyamy z perspektywy dwudziestu lat od ukazania się dzieła

Studia Z Historii Filozofii 4 (1):131-152 (2013)

Abstract
In the article I focus on a few philosophical issues which are characteristic for Fukuyama’s theory, such as: historicalness, idea of common history, freedom, human nature and thymos, being the component of human mentality propelling the course of history, according to Fukuyama’s reading of Plato. We are also able to take a look at the role of natural science in the development of history process and specific mechanism propelling human actions. The mechanism is Hegelian attitude of the struggle for recognition in which an individual goes beyond its biological needs and base motives of actions, at the same time heading for the accomplishment of higher objectives. Reporting Fukuyama’s ideas I also try to verify his hypothesis concerning the end of history which has been approaching since the establishment of liberal democracy; in the further part of the article I try to verify how different his views on human nature are from those of such philosophers as Hobbes, Rousseau, finally Kant and Hegel.
Keywords the end of history  human nature  historicalness  progress of history  the struggle of recognition  Hegel  natural science  Kant  Fukuyama
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