Reasons as Premises of Good Reasoning

Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (2) (2017)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Many philosophers have been attracted to the view that reasons are premises of good reasoning – that reasons to φ are premises of good reasoning towards φ-ing. However, while this reasoning view is indeed attractive, it faces a problem accommodating outweighed reasons. In this article, I argue that the standard solution to this problem is unsuccessful and propose an alternative, which draws on the idea that good patterns of reasoning can be defeasible. I conclude by drawing out implications for the debate over pragmatic reasons for belief and other attitudes and for one influential form of reductionism about the normative.

Similar books and articles

Two Arguments for Evidentialism.Jonathan Way - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (265):805-818.
Fittingness First.Conor McHugh & Jonathan Way - 2016 - Ethics 126 (3):575-606.
Reasoning to obligation.Barbara Herman - 2006 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 49 (1):44 – 61.
Critical Thinking, Reasoning, and Logic.Harun Ur Rashid - 1993 - Dissertation, Wayne State University
Acting Without Reasons.Josep L. Prades - 2007 - Disputatio 2 (23):229-246.
Valid reasoning by analogy.Julian S. Weitzenfeld - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (1):137-149.
Acting without reasons.José Luis Prades Celma - 2007 - Disputatio 2 (23):1-18.
Normativity: The Place of Reasoning.Joseph Raz - 2015 - Philosophical Issues 25 (1):144-164.
Knowledge and practical reasoning.Igor Douven - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (1):101–118.

Analytics

Added to PP
2014-10-02

Downloads
1,147 (#10,321)

6 months
105 (#34,660)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Citations of this work

Fittingness First.Conor McHugh & Jonathan Way - 2016 - Ethics 126 (3):575-606.
Being More Realistic About Reasons: On Rationality and Reasons Perspectivism.Clayton Littlejohn - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 99 (3):605-627.
What is Reasoning?Conor McHugh & Jonathan Way - 2018 - Mind 127 (505):167-196.
What is Good Reasoning?Conor McHugh & Jonathan Way - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research:153-174.

View all 75 citations / Add more citations

References found in this work

What we owe to each other.Thomas Scanlon - 1998 - Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Slaves of the passions.Mark Andrew Schroeder - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
On What Matters: Two-Volume Set.Derek Parfit - 2011 - New York: Oxford University Press.
The moral problem.Michael Smith - 1994 - Cambridge, Mass., USA: Blackwell.
Ethics without principles.Jonathan Dancy - 2004 - New York: Oxford University Press.

View all 80 references / Add more references