Oxford University Press (2007)

Ralph Wedgwood
University of Southern California
This is a book about normativity -- where the central normative terms are words like 'ought' and 'should' and their equivalents in other languages. It has three parts: The first part is about the semantics of normative discourse: what it means to talk about what ought to be the case. The second part is about the metaphysics of normative properties and relations: what is the nature of those properties and relations whose pattern of instantiation makes propositions about what ought to be the case true. The third part is about the epistemology of normative beliefs: how we could ever know, or even have rational or justified belief in, propositions about what ought to be the case
Keywords Normativity (Ethics
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Reprint years 2009
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Call number BJ1458.3.W43 2007
ISBN(s) 0199251312   9780199251315   0199568197   9780199568192   0792365615
DOI 10.1007/s10677-007-9105-3
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Chapters BETA
The Metaphysical Issues

This chapter explains the metaphysical concepts that will be used in Part II of the book: the concepts of a ‘constitutive account’ of a property, of essence and metaphysical necessity, and of supervenience and realization.

The Status of Normative Intuitions

Part III of the book is devoted to epistemological issues. If there are objective normative truths, then how could we ever know them? How could we even have any rational or justified beliefs in normative propositions? This chapter argues that the idea that the ‘intentional is normative’ su... see more


This concluding chapter gives a final overview of the whole theory that has been outlined in the previous chapters, by outlining the theory's implications for various other branches of philosophy. Specifically, it outlines the theory's implications for the following four branches of philos... see more

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Grounding, Essence, And Identity.Fabrice Correia & Alexander Skiles - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 98 (3):642-670.
Peer Disagreement and Higher Order Evidence.Thomas Kelly - 2010 - In Alvin I. Goldman & Dennis Whitcomb (eds.), Social Epistemology: Essential Readings. Oxford University Press. pp. 183--217.
The Importance of Being Rational.Errol Lord - 2013 - Dissertation, Princeton University
Naturalness.Cian Dorr & John Hawthorne - 2013 - In Karen Bennett & Dean Zimmerman (eds.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics: Volume 8. Oxford University Press. pp. 1.

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