Experts disagree for many reasons and it is generally accepted that there is no `rational' way to make them agree. As Michaels (2008) has demonstrated with regard to the activities of the tobacco industry, however, expert disagreement can be 'manufactured'. This suggests a distinction between 'genuine' and 'counterfeit scientific controversies.' I argue that it is necessary and possible to distinguish between these two forms of expert disagreement. It is important for policy-making to know which disagreements to take seriously. 'Counterfeit scientific controversies' can delay or impede policy-decisions that depend on scientific knowledge. One way for Science & Technology Studies to contribute to science policy-making is to develop a consistent and reliable way to demarcate 'genuine' from 'counterfeit scientific controversies'. This paper proposes four sociologically derived demarcation criteria.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Transmuted Expertise: How Technical Non-Experts Can Assess Experts and Expertise. [REVIEW]Harry Collins & Martin Weinel - 2011 - Argumentation 25 (3):401-413.
Similar books and articles
Is Science Socially Constructed—and Can It Still Inform Public Policy?Sheila Jasanoff - 1996 - Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (3):263-276.
Methodological and Contextual Factors in the Dawkins/Gould Dispute Over Evolutionary Progress.T. Shanahan - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (1):127-151.
“Once Upon a Time” Philosophy of Science: Sts, Science Policy and the Semantic View of Scientific Theories. [REVIEW]Enrico Viola - 2009 - Axiomathes 19 (4):465-480.
Whom to Trust? Public Concerns, Late Modern Risks, and Expert Trustworthiness.Geert Munnichs - 2004 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (2):113-130.
The Role of Science in Public Policy: Higher Reason, or Reason for Hire? [REVIEW]Stephen F. Haller & James Gerrie - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (2):139-165.
Scientific Controversies: Philosophical and Historical Perspectives.Peter K. Machamer, Marcello Pera & Aristeidēs Baltas (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
The Public Dimension Of Scientific Controversies.Jeanine Czubaroff - 1997 - Argumentation 11 (1):51-74.
Science, Politics, and Morality: Scientific Uncertainty and Decision Making.René von Schomberg (ed.) - 1993 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads3 ( #678,674 of 2,146,953 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #385,507 of 2,146,953 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.