Thinking and Reasoning 17 (3):282 - 314 (2011)

Authors
Michael Weinstock
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Abstract
According to the ?story model? a juror constructs an implicit mental model of a story telling what happened as the basis for the verdict choice. But the explicit justification of a verdict choice could take the form of a story (knowledge telling) or the form of a relational (knowledge-transforming) argument structure that brings together diverse, non-chronologically related pieces of evidence. The study investigates whether people tend towards knowledge telling or knowledge transforming, and whether use of these argument structure types are related to skilled argument and epistemic understanding. A sample of people on jury duty chose and justified verdicts in two abridged cases. Participants tended to display the same argument structure and argument skill across cases. Those using knowledge-transforming structures were more successful at the juror argument skills task and had a higher level of epistemic understanding. The discussion suggests that jurors approach their task with an epistemic orientation towards knowledge telling or knowledge transforming
Keywords juror reasoning  epistemic understanding  knowledge construction  narrative argument
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DOI 10.1080/13546783.2011.575191
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References found in this work BETA

The Empirical Case for Two Systems of Reasoning.Steven A. Sloman - 1996 - Psychological Bulletin 119 (1):3-22.
Dual Process Theories: A Metacognitive Perspective.Valerie Thompson - 2009 - In Keith Frankish & Jonathan St B. T. Evans (eds.), In Two Minds: Dual Processes and Beyond. Oxford University Press.
Narration and Knowledge.Arthur C. Danto - 1982 - Philosophy and Literature 6 (1-2):17-32.

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Editorial.Valerie Thompson - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (1):1-4.

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