Thinking and Reasoning 17 (4):424 - 439 (2011)

Insight problem solving was investigated with the matchstick algebra problems developed by Knoblich, Ohlsson, Haider, and Rhenius (1999). These problems are false equations expressed with Roman numerals that can be made true bymoving one matchstick. In a first group participants examined a static two-dimensional representation of the false algebraic expression and told the experimenter which matchstick should be moved. In a second group, participants interacted with a three-dimensional representation of the false equation. Success rates in the static group for different problem types replicated the pattern of data reported in Knoblich et al. (1999). However, participants in the interactive group were significantly more likely to achieve insight. Problem-solving success in the static group was best predicted by performance on a test of numeracy, whereas in the interactive group it was best predicted by performance on a test of visuo-spatial reasoning. Implications for process models of problem solving are discussed
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DOI 10.1080/13546783.2011.629081
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References found in this work BETA

How to Situate Cognition: Letting Nature Take its Course.Robert A. Wilson & Andy Clark - 2009 - In Murat Aydede & P. Robbins (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 55--77.
The Intelligent Use of Space.David Kirsh - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence 73 (1--2):31-68.
Wide Computationalism.Robert A. Wilson - 1994 - Mind 103 (411):351-72.
Productive Thinking.R. M. Ogden - 1946 - Philosophical Review 55 (3):298-300.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Importance of Chance and Interactivity in Creativity.David Kirsh - 2014 - Pragmatics and Cognition 22 (1):5-26.
Insight, Interactivity and Materiality.Frederic Vallee-Tourangeau - 2014 - Pragmatics and Cognition 22 (1):27-44.

View all 12 citations / Add more citations

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Differentiating Insight From Non-Insight Problems.K. J. Gilhooly & P. Murphy - 2005 - Thinking and Reasoning 11 (3):279 – 302.


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