Science and ethics: Toward a theory of ethical value

John R. Welch
Saint Louis University
This article sketches descriptive and normative components of a theory of ethical value. The normative component, which receives the lion’s share of attention, is developed by adapting Laudan’s levels of scientific discourse. The resulting levels of ethical discourse can be critically addressed through the use of inductive inference, falsification, and causal inference. These techniques are likewise appropriate to the corresponding levels of scientific discourse.
Keywords Ethical value  science  vagueness  induction  education  wide reflective equilibrium  falsification  utilitarianism  deontologism  ethical description  ethical methodology
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DOI 10.1007/BF00763825
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