Hegel's critique of Kant

South African Journal of Philosophy 34 (1):129-142 (2015)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

In this paper we present a reconstruction of Hegel's critique of Kant. We try to show the congruence of that critique in both theoretical and practical philosophy. We argue that this congruence is to be found in Hegel's criticism of Kant's hylemorphism in his theoretical and practical philosophy. Hegel is much more sympathetic to Kant's response to the distinction between matter and form in his theoretical philosophy and he credits Kant with ‘discovering’ here that thinking is an activity that always takes place within a greater whole. He, however, argues that the consequences of this are much more significant than Kant suspects and that, most importantly, the model of cognition in which thought (form) confronts something non-thought (matter) is unsustainable. This leads to Hegel's appropriation of Kantian reflective judgements, arguing that the greater whole in which thinking takes place is a socially shared set of meanings, something resembling what Kant calls a sensus communis. From here, it is not far to Hegel's Geist, which eventually gains self-consciousness in Sittlichkeit, a whole of social practices of mutual recognition. In practical philosophy, Hegel argues for the importance of situating oneself within such a whole in order to attain the self-knowledge required for autonomous, or ethically required, action. For this to happen, he claims, it is necessary to recognise the status of Kantian Moralität as a form of Sittlichkeit or social practice. This would justify our practices without an appeal to a ‘fact of reason’ and also allow a wider range of actions that could count as autonomous.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,635

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

I—Hegel's Critique of Kant.Stephen Houlgate - 2015 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 89 (1):21-41.
Hegel’s Critique of Kant.Robert R. Williams - 2006 - The Owl of Minerva 38 (1/2):9-34.
Kant’s Theory of Cosmopolitanism and Hegel’s Critique.Robert Fine - 2003 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 29 (6):609-630.
Hegel's Break with Kant: The Leap From Individual Psychology to Sociology.John Hund - 1998 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 28 (2):226-243.
On Hegel's Critique of Kant's Moral and Political Philosophy.Timothy O'Hagan - 1987 - In Stephen Priest (ed.), Hegel's Critique of Kant. Oxford University Press. pp. 135--160.
Transformations of Transcendental Philosophy: Wolff, Kant, and Hegel.Karin de Boer - 2011 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 32 (1-2):50-79.
Hegel on Kant's 'Synthetic A Priori' in "Glauben Und Wissen".Dennis Schulting - 2005 - In Andreas Arndt, Henning Ottman & Karol Bal (eds.), Hegel-Jahrbuch. Akademie Verlag. pp. 176-182.
Hegel's Critique of Kant.Stephen Priest (ed.) - 1987 - Oxford University Press.
Dewey's Critique of Kant.James Scott Johnston - 2006 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (4):518-551.
On Hegel's Critique of Kant.Joseph Maier - 1939 - New York: Columbia University Press.

Analytics

Added to PP
2016-06-30

Downloads
14 (#725,719)

6 months
1 (#419,510)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Aaron James Wendland
King's College London
Rafael Winkler
University of Johannesburg

Citations of this work

The Compatibility of Hegelian Recognition and Morality with the Ethics of Care.Andrew Molas - 2019 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 50 (4):285-304.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Critique of Judgment.Immanuel Kant & Werner S. Pluhar - 1941 - Indianapolis, Indiana: Hackett Publishing Company.
Phenomenology of Spirit.G. W. F. Hegel & A. V. Miller - 1977 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 10 (4):268-271.
Consequences of Pragmatism.Richard Rorty - 1984 - Erkenntnis 21 (3):423-431.
Faith and Knowledge.G. W. F. Hegel, Walter Cerf & H. S. Harris - 1981 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (1):63-64.

View all 8 references / Add more references