Fabian Wendt
Virginia Tech
Our societies are marked not only by disagreements on the good life, but also by disagreements on justice. This motivates philosophers as divergent as John Gray and Chandran Kukathas to focus their normative political theories on peace instead of justice. In this article, I discuss how peace should be conceived if peace is to be a more realistic goal than justice, not presupposing any moral consensus. I distinguish two conceptions of peace to be found in the literature. One, ordinary peace, conceives of peace as non-violent coexistence based on modus vivendi arrangements. Modus vivendi arrangements, in turn, are explained as a special kind of compromise. Ordinary peace does not presuppose any moral consensus and is therefore realistic, but at the same time it is too minimalist and undemanding to be satisfying. The other conception of peace, ambitious peace, can be found in Kukathas’s work. It is a conception of peace ‘beyond compromise’, not minimalist and undemanding, but, I will argue, not realistic because presupposing at least a second-order moral consensus. In the end, I advocate a division of labour between both conceptions of peace under the umbrella of an overarching ideal of peace.
Keywords Peace  Compromise  Modus Vivendi  Realism  Pluralism  Chandran Kukathas
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DOI 10.1080/13698230.2013.810394
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References found in this work BETA

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Rescuing Justice and Equality.G. A. Cohen (ed.) - 2008 - Harvard University Press.
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Citations of this work BETA

Deliberative Disagreement and Compromise.Ian O’Flynn & Maija Setälä - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-21.
The Realism of Political Liberalism.Bertjan Wolthuis - 2016 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 63 (149):1-17.
Political Normativity and the Functional Autonomy of Politics.Carlo Burelli - forthcoming - European Journal of Political Theory:147488512091850.

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