Hastings Center Report 48 (6):25-32 (2018)

Authors
Danielle M. Wenner
Carnegie Mellon University
Abstract
It has long been taken for granted that clinical research involving human subjects is ethical only if it holds out the prospect of producing socially valuable knowledge. Recently, this social value requirement has come under scrutiny, with prominent ethicists arguing that the social value requirement cannot be substantiated as an ethical limit on clinical research, and others attempting to offer new support. In this paper, I argue that both criticisms and existing defenses of the social value requirement are predicated on what I call the “transactional model of stakeholder obligations”. I go on to problematize this framework, and to introduce an alternative framework for conceptualizing ethical obligations within clinical research. In defending this framework, which I call the “basic structure model of stakeholder obligations”, I also demonstrate how it provides a stronger grounding for the social value requirement that is not vulnerable to critiques grounded in the transactional model.
Keywords bioethics  research ethics  applied ethics
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DOI 10.1002/hast.934
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References found in this work BETA

Where the Action Is: On the Site of Distributive Justice.G. A. Cohen - 1997 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 26 (1):3-30.

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Citations of this work BETA

Context is Needed When Assessing Fair Subject Selection.G. Owen Schaefer - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (2):20-22.
Redistributing Fair Subject Selection.Kirstin Borgerson - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (2):25-27.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

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