Dissertation, The University of Birmingham (2014)

Peter G. N. West-Oram
Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Henry Shue’s model of basic rights and their correlative duties provides an excellent framework for analysing the requirements of global distributive justice, and for theorising about the minimum acceptable standards of human entitlement and wellbeing. Shue bases his model on the claim that certain ‘basic’ rights are of universal instrumental value, and are necessary for the enjoyment of any other rights, and of any ‘decent life’. Shue’s model provides a comprehensive argument about the importance of certain fundamental goods for all human lives, though he does not consider health or health care in any significant detail. Adopting Shue’s model, I argue that access to health care is of sufficient importance to the enjoyment of any other rights that it qualifies as what Shue describes as a ‘basic’ right. I also argue that the basic right to health care is compatible with the basic rights model, and is required by it in order to for it to achieve its goal of enabling right holders to enjoy any decent life. In making this claim I also explore the requirements of the basic right to health care in terms of Shue’s triumvirate of duties and with reference to several key examples
Keywords Human Rights  Global Justice  Health Care  Health  Bioethics  Poverty
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References found in this work BETA

Mortal Questions.Thomas Nagel - 1979 - Cambridge University Press.
Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics.Onora O'Neill - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.

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