Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2010)

Authors
Jan Westerhoff
Oxford University
Abstract
There is unanimous agreement that Nāgārjuna (ca 150–250 AD) is the most important Buddhist philosopher after the historical Buddha himself and one of the most original and influential thinkers in the history of Indian philosophy. His philosophy of the “middle way” (madhyamaka) based around the central notion of “emptiness” (śūnyatā) influenced the Indian philosophical debate for a thousand years after his death; with the spread of Buddhism to Tibet, China, Japan and other Asian countries the writings of Nāgārjuna became an indispensable point of reference for their own philosophical inquiries. A specific reading of Nāgārjuna's thought, called Prāsaṅgika-Madhyamaka, became the official philosophical position of Tibetan Buddhism which regards it as the pinnacle of philosophical sophistication up to the present day.
Keywords Nagarjuna  Buddhism  Madhyamaka  Indian Philosophy
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A Russellian Analysis of Buddhist Catuskoti.Nicholaos Jones - 2020 - Comparative Philosophy 11 (2):63-89.
The 'Two Truths' Doctrine and the Nature of Upāya in Nāgārjuna.Dilip Loundo - 2016 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 57 (133):17-41.

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