Are precues effective in proactively controlling taboo interference during speech production?

Cognition and Emotion 32 (8):1625-1636 (2018)

Authors
Emily Watkins
Rhodes College
Abstract
ABSTRACTThis research investigated whether precues engage proactive control to reduce emotional interference during speech production. A picture-word interference task required participants to name target pictures accompanied by taboo, negative, or neutral distractors. Proactive control was manipulated by presenting precues that signalled the type of distractor that would appear on the next trial. Experiment 1 included one block of trials with precues and one without, whereas Experiment 2 mixed precued and uncued trials. Consistent with previous research, picture naming was slowed in both experiments when distractors were taboo or negative compared to neutral, with the greatest slowing effect when distractors were taboo. Evidence that precues engaged proactive control to reduce interference from taboo distractors was found in Experiment 1. In contrast, mixing precued trials in Experiment 2 resulted in no taboo cueing benefit. These results suggest that item-level proactive control can b...
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DOI 10.1080/02699931.2018.1433637
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References found in this work BETA

Studies of Interference in Serial Verbal Reactions.J. R. Stroop - 1935 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (6):643.
Load Theory of Selective Attention and Cognitive Control.Nilli Lavie, Aleksandra Hirst, Jan W. de Fockert & Essi Viding - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (3):339-354.

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