In H.-J. Glock & J. Hyman (eds.), A Companion to Wittgenstein. Wiley-Blackwell (2017)

Authors
Daniel Whiting
University of Southampton
Abstract
In this paper, after outlining the methodological role Wittgenstein's appeal to language-games is supposed to play, I examine the picture of language which his discussion of such games and their relations to what Wittgenstein calls forms of life suggests. It is a picture according to which language and its employment are inextricably connected to wider contexts—they are embedded in specific natural and social environments, they are tied to purposive activities serving provincial needs, and caught up in distinctive ways of life which creatures of a certain sort enjoy. In the remainder of the paper, I consider whether Wittgenstein's emphasis on the link between language and the circumstances surrounding its use points in the direction of an influential view widespread in contemporary philosophy of language, namely, semantic contextualism. I examine carefully a number of passages which scholars have appealed to in support of the claim that Wittgenstein advances contextualism and argue that they in fact provide no such support. The connection which Wittgenstein sees between what is expressed in the use of words and the circumstances in which they are used is not the connection the contextualist insists on.
Keywords Wittgenstein  contextualism  form of life  language-game
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy the book Find it on Amazon.com
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 62,577
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Meaning.Paul Horwich - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
Truth and Objectivity.Crispin Wright - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (4):883-890.
Wittgenstein on Meaning and Use.James Conant - 1998 - Philosophical Investigations 21 (3):222–250.
Annals of Analysis. [REVIEW]Charles Travis - 1991 - Mind 100 (398):237-264.

View all 12 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Human Dignity as a Form of Life: Notes on Its Foundations and Meaning in Institutional Morality.Saulo Monteiro Martinho de Matos - 2020 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 33 (1):47-63.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Essays on Wittgenstein.E. D. Klemke - 1971 - Urbana, University of Illinois Press.
Wittgenstein, History and Hermeneutics.Christopher Lawn - 2003 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 29 (3):281-295.
The Relevance of Wittgenstein’s Thought for Philosophical Hermeneutics.Adrian Costache - 2011 - Journal for Communication and Culture 1 (1):44-54.
Logic, Language Games and Ludics.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2003 - Acta Analytica 18 (30/31):89-123.
Wittgenstein, Language and World.John V. Canfield - 1981 - University of Massachusetts Press.
Rhees on the Unity of Language.Lars Hertzberg - 2012 - Philosophical Investigations 35 (3-4):224-237.
Wittgenstein on Mind and Language.David G. Stern - 1995 - Oxford University Press.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-01-29

Total views
119 ( #89,026 of 2,446,590 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
11 ( #60,316 of 2,446,590 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes