Synthese 177 (3):411-425 (2010)
Trust is a central concept in the philosophy of science. We highlight how trust is important in the wide variety of interactions between science and society. We claim that examining and clarifying the nature and role of trust (and distrust) in relations between science and society is one principal way in which the philosophy of science is socially relevant. We argue that philosophers of science should extend their efforts to develop normative conceptions of trust that can serve to facilitate trust between scientific experts and ordinary citizens. The first project is the development of a rich normative theory of expertise and experience that can explain why the various epistemic insights of diverse actors should be trusted in certain contexts and how credibility deficits can be bridged. The second project is the development of concepts that explain why, in certain cases, ordinary citizens may distrust science, which should inform how philosophers of science conceive of the formulation of science policy when conditions of distrust prevail. The third project is the analysis of cases of successful relations of trust between scientists and non-scientists that leads to understanding better how ‘postnormal’ science interactions are possible using trust.
|Keywords||Science and society Trust Expertise Public participation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
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What Can She Know?: Feminist Theory and the Construction of Knowledge.Lorraine Code - 1991 - Cornell University Press.
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Citations of this work BETA
What is Interdisciplinary Communication? Reflections on the Very Idea of Disciplinary Integration.J. Britt Holbrook - 2013 - Synthese 190 (11):1865-1879.
A Pluralistic Approach to Interactional Expertise.Kathryn S. Plaisance & Eric B. Kennedy - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 47:60-68.
The Importance of Participatory Virtues in the Future of Environmental Education.Ferkany Matt & Whyte Kyle Powys - 2012 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (3):419-434.
The Acid Test for Biological Science: STAP Cells, Trust, and Replication.Cheryl Lancaster - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (1):147-167.
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