Trust, Expertise and the Philosophy of Science

Synthese 177 (3):411-425 (2010)
Abstract
Trust is a central concept in the philosophy of science. We highlight how trust is important in the wide variety of interactions between science and society. We claim that examining and clarifying the nature and role of trust (and distrust) in relations between science and society is one principal way in which the philosophy of science is socially relevant. We argue that philosophers of science should extend their efforts to develop normative conceptions of trust that can serve to facilitate trust between scientific experts and ordinary citizens. The first project is the development of a rich normative theory of expertise and experience that can explain why the various epistemic insights of diverse actors should be trusted in certain contexts and how credibility deficits can be bridged. The second project is the development of concepts that explain why, in certain cases, ordinary citizens may distrust science, which should inform how philosophers of science conceive of the formulation of science policy when conditions of distrust prevail. The third project is the analysis of cases of successful relations of trust between scientists and non-scientists that leads to understanding better how ‘postnormal’ science interactions are possible using trust.
Keywords Science and society  Trust  Expertise  Public participation
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 28,829
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Rethinking Expertise.H. M. Collins & Robert Evans - 2007 - University of Chicago Press.
The Division of Cognitive Labor.Philip Kitcher - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):5-22.

View all 16 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
A Pluralistic Approach to Interactional Expertise.Kathryn S. Plaisance & Eric B. Kennedy - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 47:60-68.
The Importance of Participatory Virtues in the Future of Environmental Education.Ferkany Matt & Whyte Kyle Powys - 2012 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (3):419-434.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Hype and Public Trust in Science.Zubin Master & David B. Resnik - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):321-335.
Building Cultures of Trust.Martin E. Marty - 2010 - W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co..
Gender and Trust in Science.Kristina Rolin - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (4):95-118.
Creating Trust.Robert C. Solomon - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (2):205-232.
The Politics of Postmodern Philosophy of Science.Joseph Rouse - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (4):607-627.
The Impact of Trust on Employee Participation in Poland.Jacek Sójka - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 21 (2-3):229 - 236.
Trust in Scientific Publishing.Harry Hummels & Hans E. Roosendaal - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 34 (2):87 - 100.
Scientific Research and the Public Trust.David Resnik - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):399-409.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2010-09-19

Total downloads

122 ( #40,401 of 2,178,207 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

5 ( #54,675 of 2,178,207 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums