Emotion Review 1 (1):3-14 (2009)

Anna Wierzbicka
Australian National University
Building on the author's earlier work, this paper argues that language is a key issue in understanding human emotions and that treating English emotion terms as valid analytical tools continues to be a roadblock in the study of emotions. Further, it shows how the methodology developed by the author and colleagues, known as NSM (from Natural Semantic Metalanguage), allows us to break free of the “shackles” (Barrett, 2006) of English psychological terms and explore human emotions from a culture-independent perspective. The use of NSM makes it possible to study human emotions from a genuinely cross-linguistic and cross-cultural, as well as a psychological, perspective and thus “opens up new possibilities for the scientific understanding of subjectivity and psychological experience” (Goddard, 2007)
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1177/1754073908097175
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 55,825
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Towards a Cognitive Theory of Emotions.Keith Oatley & P. N. Johnson-Laird - 1987 - Cognition and Emotion 1 (1):29-50.

View all 20 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Toward a Human Emotions Taxonomy.M. T. Jarymowicz & K. K. Imbir - 2015 - Emotion Review 7 (2):183-188.
Early Social Cognition: Alternatives to Implicit Mindreading.Leon Bruin, Derek Strijbos & Marc Slors - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (3):499-517.

View all 30 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles


Added to PP index

Total views
33 ( #308,707 of 2,401,527 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
4 ( #198,290 of 2,401,527 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes