Beast or God? – The Intermediate Status of Humans and the Physical Basis of the Stoic Scala Naturae

In Annetta Alexandridis, Lorenz Winkler-Horacek & Markus Wild (eds.), Mensch und Tier in der Antike. Wiesbaden: Reichert. pp. 47-70 (2008)

Jula Wildberger
The American University of Paris
Argues that the demarcation between humans and animals in Stoicism is made in functional terms, by their different capacities, but also quantitative terms, as smaller or larger shares of pneuma and thus the active principle Gods. Discusses how they Stoics may have related these two categories and makes a case for the possibility to formulate a non-exploitative animal ethic in Stoic terms.
Keywords Stoicism  Animals  Anthropology  Stoic Physics and Psychology  Animal Ethics
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