In Jörg Rüpke & Greg Woolf (eds.), Religious Dimensions of the Self in the Second Century CE. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck. pp. 23-45 (2013)

Jula Wildberger
The American University of Paris
Epictetus' thought is defined by an antithesis of mine and not-mine, which is an antithesis of externals and self. From this arise a number of questions for Epictetus‘ theology, which are addressed in this paper: How is the self delimited from God, given that God is all-pervading? Is God inside or outside the self? In which way is God the cause, creator and shaper of the self? And how does human agency and self-shaping through prohairesis spell out within this determinst framework? If, as will become apparent in the discussion of the previous questions, the shape and activities of human selves originate from God and should be perfectly aligned with God, in which sense is there still a separate, individual human self?
Keywords Stoicism  Epictetus  Ethics  Theism  Pantheism  Self  Agency  Determinism  Value Theory  Ontogenesis
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The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought.Brad Inwood - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (228):479-483.

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