Defining Deduction, Induction, and Validity

Argumentation 24 (1):107-124 (2010)

Abstract
In this paper I focus on two contrasting concepts of deduction and induction that have appeared in introductory (formal) logic texts over the past 75 years or so. According to the one, deductive and inductive arguments are defined solely by reference to what arguers claim about the relation between the premises and the conclusions. According to the other, they are defined solely by reference to that relation itself. Arguing that these definitions have defects that are due to their simplicity, I develop definitions that remove these defects by assigning a combination of roles to both arguers’ claims concerning the premises/conclusion relation and the relation itself. Along the way I also present and briefly defend definitions of both deductive and inductive validity that are significantly different from the norm
Keywords Logic  Argumentation  Deduction  Induction  Validity  Invalidity  Non-validity
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DOI 10.1007/s10503-009-9131-5
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References found in this work BETA

Introduction to Logic.Irving M. Copi - 1953 - Pearson/Prentice Hall.
The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy.Simon Blackburn - 1994 - Oxford ;Oxford University Press.
Choice and Chance.Brian Skyrms - 1966 - Belmont, Calif., Dickenson Pub. Co..

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Citations of this work BETA

O Problema da Indução.Eduardo Castro & Diogo Fernandes - 2014 - Compêndio Em Linha de Problemas de Filosofia Analítica.
The Value of Genetic Fallacies.Andrew C. Ward - 2010 - Informal Logic 30 (1):1-33.

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