Synthese 195 (5):1941-1967 (2018)

Authors
Lincoln Colling
Cambridge University
Dan Williams
Cambridge University
Abstract
We argue that one important aspect of the “cognitive neuroscience revolution” identified by Boone and Piccinini :1509–1534. doi: 10.1007/s11229-015-0783-4, 2015) is a dramatic shift away from thinking of cognitive representations as arbitrary symbols towards thinking of them as icons that replicate structural characteristics of their targets. We argue that this shift has been driven both “from below” and “from above”—that is, from a greater appreciation of what mechanistic explanation of information-processing systems involves, and from a greater appreciation of the problems solved by bio-cognitive systems, chiefly regulation and prediction. We illustrate these arguments by reference to examples from cognitive neuroscience, principally representational similarity analysis and the emergence of dynamical models as a central postulate in neurocognitive research.
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-017-1578-6
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References found in this work BETA

Vision.David Marr - 1982 - W. H. Freeman.
Philosophical Investigations.Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein - 1953 - New York, NY, USA: Wiley-Blackwell.

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Citations of this work BETA

Predictive Coding and Thought.Daniel Williams - 2020 - Synthese 197 (4):1749-1775.
Pragmatism and the Predictive Mind.Daniel Williams - 2018 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 17 (5):835-859.

View all 19 citations / Add more citations

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