On the Ethics of Psychometric Instruments Used in Leadership Development Programmes

Journal of Business Ethics 172 (2):211-227 (2020)
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Abstract

The leadership development industry regularly claims to aid in developing effective, ethical leaders, using 360-degree psychometric assessments as key tools for so doing. This paper analyses the effects of such tools on those subjected to and subjectivised by them from a Foucauldian perspective. We argue that instead of encouraging ethical leadership such instruments inculcate practices and belief systems that perpetuate falsehoods, misrepresentations and inequalities. ‘Followers’ are presumed compliant, malleable beings needing leaders to determine what is in their interests. Such techniques pursue productivity and profitability, rather than ethical leadership. We examine the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire, a widely used 360-degree tool that measures transformational leadership, as an illustrative case study to substantiate these criticisms.

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Citations of this work

Business Ethics and Quantification: Towards an Ethics of Numbers.Gazi Islam - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 176 (2):195-211.

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References found in this work

The Subject and Power.Michel Foucault - 1982 - Critical Inquiry 8 (4):777-795.
The government of self and others.Michel Foucault - 2010 - New York: St Martin's Press. Edited by Michel Foucault.
Leadership Ethics.Joanne B. Ciulla - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (1):5-28.
Leadership Ethics: Mapping the Territory.Joanne B. Ciulla - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (1):5-28.

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