Biology and Philosophy 17 (1):71-91 (2002)
Operational definitions of biological altruism in terms of actual fitness exchanges will not work because they include accidental acts as altruistic and exclude altruistic acts that have gone awry. I argue that the definition of biological altruism should contain an analogue of the role intention plays in psychological altruism. I consider two possibilities for this analogue, selected effect functions and the proximate causes and effects of behavior. I argue that the selected-effect function account will not work because it confuses the explanation of some altruistic behavior with the definition of all of it and the information needed to justify a selected effect account of function is too often inaccessible. Close attention to the proximate explanations of a behavior is all that is needed to determine if an act is biologically altruistic, returning biological altruism to descriptive ethology, where it belongs.
|Keywords||altruism ethology function intention|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Altruism as a Thick Concept.Michael Schefczyk & Mark Peacock - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (2):165-187.
Similar books and articles
Internal Mechanisms That Implicate the Self Enlighten the Egoism-Altruism Debate.Constantine Sedikides & Aiden P. Gregg - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):274-275.
A Reconsideration of Altruism From an Evolutionary and Psychodynamic Perspective.Yakov Shapiro & Glen O. Gabbard - 1994 - Ethics and Behavior 4 (1):23 – 42.
Psychological Altruism Vs. Biological Altruism: Narrowing the Gap with the Baldwin Effect.Mahesh Ananth - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (3):217-239.
Multilevel Selection and Human Altruism.Alejandro Rosas - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (2):205-215.
Altruism is Never Self-Sacrifice.Michael Lewis - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):268-268.
Altruism, Altruistic Punishment and Social Investment.Klaus Jaffe - 2004 - Acta Biotheoretica 52 (3):155-172.
Behaviorism and Altruistic Acts.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):252-252.
Altruism is a Form of Self-Control.Howard Rachlin - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):284-291.
On the Relationship Between Evolutionary and Psychological Definitions of Altruism and Selfishness.David Sloan Wilson - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (1):61-68.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads36 ( #135,644 of 2,132,866 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #288,410 of 2,132,866 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.