Bioethics 17 (2):169–187 (2003)

Authors
Stephen Wilkinson
Lancaster University
Abstract
It is argued that there are good reasons for believing that commercial surrogacy is often exploitative. However, even if we accept this, the exploitation argument for prohibiting (or otherwise legislatively discouraging) commercial surrogacy remains quite weak. One reason for this is that prohibition may well 'backfire' and lead to potential surrogates having to do other things that are more exploitative and/or more harmful than paid surrogacy. It is concluded, therefore, that those who oppose exploitation should concentrate on: (a) improving the conditions under which paid surrogates 'work'; and (b) changing the background conditions (in particular, the unequal distribution of power and wealth) which generate exploitative relationships. (edited).
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DOI 10.1111/1467-8519.00331
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Reproductive Biocrossings: Indian Egg Donors and Surrogates in the Globalized Fertility Market.Jyotsna Agnihotri Gupta - 2012 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (1):25-51.
Global Surrogacy: Exploitation to Empowerment.Vida Panitch - 2013 - Journal of Global Ethics 9 (3):329-343.

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