The Spirited Part of the Soul in Plato's Timaeus

Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (4):627-652 (2014)

Authors
Joshua Wilburn
Wayne State University
Abstract
in the tripartite psychology of the Republic, Plato characterizes the “spirited” part of the soul as the “ally of reason”: like the auxiliaries of the just city, whose distinctive job is to support the policies and judgments passed down by the rulers, spirit’s distinctive “job” in the soul is to support and defend the practical decisions and commands of the reasoning part. This is to include not only defense against external enemies who might interfere with those commands, but also, and most importantly, defense against unruly appetites within the individual’s own soul.1 Spirit, according to this picture, is by nature reason’s faithful auxiliary in the soul, while appetite is always a potential enemy to be watched ..
Keywords spirit  thumos  thumoeides  Plato  Timaeus  phantasia  tripartition
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DOI 10.1353/hph.2014.0084
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References found in this work BETA

An Introduction to Plato's Republic.Julia Annas - 1981 - Oxford University Press.
The Nature of the Spirited Part of the Soul and Its Object.Tad Brennan - 2012 - In Rachel Barney, Tad Brennan & Charles Brittain (eds.), Plato and the Divided Self. Cambridge University Press. pp. 102--127.
Pity and Fear in the Rhetoric and the Poetics.Alexander Nehamas - 2015 - In Alexander Nehamas & David J. Furley (eds.), Aristotle's "Rhetoric": Philosophical Essays. Princeton University Press. pp. 257-282.
Plato on the Possibility of Hedonic Mistakes.Matthew Evans - 2008 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 35:89-124.

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