Philosophy of Science 64 (4):372-84 (1997)

Authors
William C. Wimsatt
University of Minnesota
Abstract
Most philosophical accounts of emergence are incompatible with reduction. Most scientists regard a system property as emergent relative to properties of the system's parts if it depends upon their mode of organization--a view consistent with reduction. Emergence can be analyzed as a failure of aggregativity--a state in which "the whole is nothing more than the sum of its parts." Aggregativity requires four conditions, giving tools for analyzing modes of organization. Differently met for different decompositions of the system, and in different degrees, these conditions provide powerful evaluation criteria for choosing decompositions, and heuristics for detecting biases of vulgar reductionisms. This analysis of emergence is compatible with reduction
Keywords Artificial  Emergence  Heuristics  Life  Reduction  Science
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1086/392615
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 56,999
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

When Mechanistic Models Explain.Carl F. Craver - 2006 - Synthese 153 (3):355-376.
Metaphysical Emergence: Weak and Strong.Jessica Wilson - 2015 - In Tomasz Bigaj & Christian Wuthrich (eds.), Metaphysics in Contemporary Physics. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities. pp. 251-306.
Is Weak Emergence Just in the Mind?Mark A. Bedau - 2008 - Minds and Machines 18 (4):443-459.

View all 75 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
194 ( #48,521 of 2,410,452 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
7 ( #101,554 of 2,410,452 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes