Thinking and Reasoning 17 (2):137 - 155 (2011)

Empirical research on counterfactual thinking has found a closeness effect: people report higher negative affect if an actual outcome is close to a better counterfactual outcome. However, it remains unclear what actually is a ?close? miss. In three experiments that manipulate close counterfactuals, closeness effects were found only when closeness was unambiguously defined either with respect to a contrasted alternative, or with respect to a categorical boundary. In a real task people failed to report greater negative affect when encountering a close numerical miss, while they predicted greater negative affect hypothetically. These results show that counterfactual closeness effects on affect depend on closeness being accessible and unambiguously defined
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1080/13546783.2011.562079
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 58,437
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Editorial.Valerie Thompson - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (1):1-4.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Counterfactuals and Explanation.Boris Kment - 2006 - Mind 115 (458):261-310.
Closeness of Worlds.Michael McDermott - 2003 - Acta Analytica 18 (1-2):227-230.
Affect and the Moral‐Conventional Distinction.R. J. R. Blair - 1997 - Journal of Moral Education 26 (2):187-196.
Iv. Logic and Truth-Finding in Society and Sociology.Karl-Peter Markl - 1980 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 23 (2):173 – 185.
Morals, Beliefs, and Counterfactuals.Vittorio Girotto, Luca Surian & Michael Siegal - 2010 - Brain and Behavioral Sciences 33 (4):337-338.


Added to PP index

Total views
50 ( #203,133 of 2,420,827 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #351,470 of 2,420,827 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes