Synthese 169 (3):575 - 592 (2009)
Simulations (both digital and analog) and experiments share many features. But what essential features distinguish them? I discuss two proposals in the literature. On one proposal, experiments investigate nature directly, while simulations merely investigate models. On another proposal, simulations differ from experiments in that simulationists manipulate objects that bear only a formal (rather than material) similarity to the targets of their investigations. Both of these proposals are rejected. I argue that simulations fundamentally differ from experiments with regard to the background knowledge that is invoked to argue for the “external validity” of the investigation.
|Keywords||Models Simulations Validation Experiments Methodology Computers|
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References found in this work BETA
Sanctioning Models: The Epistemology of Simulation.Eric Winsberg - 1999 - Science in Context 12 (2).
Does a Rock Implement Every Finite-State Automaton?David J. Chalmers - 1996 - Synthese 108 (3):309-33.
Citations of this work BETA
Models, Measurement and Computer Simulation: The Changing Face of Experimentation.Margaret Morrison - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 143 (1):33-57.
Coupling Simulation and Experiment: The Bimodal Strategy in Integrative Systems Biology.Miles MacLeod & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):572-584.
Computer Simulation and the Philosophy of Science.Eric Winsberg - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (5):835-845.
Is Computer Simulation Changing the Face of Experimentation?Ronald N. Giere - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 143 (1):59 - 62.
From Data to Phenomena and Back Again: Computer-Simulated Signatures.Eran Tal - 2011 - Synthese 182 (1):117-129.
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