God's Mind in the 3rd Critique

In Violetta Waibel (ed.), Freiheit und Natur. Akten des XII. Kant-Kongresses. de Gruyter (forthcoming)

Authors
Reed Winegar
Fordham University
Abstract
Kant’s 3rd Critique claims that the concept of purposiveness bridges the chasm between nature and freedom. This concept derives from the reflecting power of judgment’s demand for a system of particular laws. The published Introduction represents this system as grounded on the Idea of a divine understanding. According to Tuschling, this divinity is the intuitive understanding of §§76-77. According to Allison, this divinity is discursive and purposive and, thus, numerically distinct from §§76-77’s intuitive understanding. I argue that this debate between Tuschling and Allison fails to appreciate the varied ways in which Kant predicates divine attributes. The 3rd Critique refers to a single God but does so in various ways. First, Kant literally ascribes an intuitive understanding to God on analytic grounds. Second, Kant analogically ascribes a discursive, purposive mind to this same God. Finally, Kant ascribes moral predicates to this analogical representation of God on practical grounds.
Keywords Kant  God  Intuitive Understanding  Intellectual Intuition  Symbolism  Analogy  Laws of Nature  Highest Good  Teleology  Judgment
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