Three Images of Trade: On the Place of Trade in a Theory of Global Justice

Moral Philosophy and Politics 1 (2):201-225 (2014)

Gabriel Wollner
Universität Bayreuth
Economic theory teaches that it is in every country’s interest to trade. Trade is a voluntary activity among consenting parties. On this view, considerations of justice have little bearing on trade, and political philosophers concerned with global justice should stay largely silent on trade. According to a very different view that has recently gained prominence, international trade can only occur before the background of an international market reliance practice shaped by states. Trade is a shared activity among states, and all participating states have in principle equal claims to gains from trade. Trade then becomes a central topic for political philosophers. Both views are problematic. A third view about the role of trade in a theory of global justice is then presented, which gives pride of place to a notion of exploitation. The other two views should be abandoned.
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DOI 10.1515/jmpp-2014-0013
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Exploitation: A Primer.Nicholas Vrousalis - forthcoming - Philosophy Compass.
Justice and International Bres Helena - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (10):570-579.
Odious Debts and International Fair Trade.Cristian Dimitriu - 2019 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 76:79-94.

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