Having been neglected or maligned for most of this century, Newton's method of 'deduction from the phenomena' has recently attracted renewed attention and support. John Norton, for example, has argued that this method has been applied with notable success in a variety of cases in the history of physics and that this explains why the massive underdetermination of theory by evidence, seemingly entailed by hypothetico-deductive methods, is invisible to working physicists. This paper, through a detailed analysis of Newton's deduction of one particular 'proposition' in optics 'from the phenomena', gives a clearer account than hitherto of the method - highlighting the fact that it is really one of deduction from the phenomena plus 'background knowledge'. It argues, that, although the method has certain heuristic virtues, examination of its putative accreditational strengths reveals a range of important problems that its defenders have yet adequately to address
Keywords Newton   Underdetermination   Confirmation   Induction   Scientific Method   Philosophy of Science
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DOI 10.1093/bjps/51.1.45
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References found in this work BETA

Bayes or Bust?John Earman - 1992 - Bradford.
The Scientific Image.Michael Friedman - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (5):274-283.
The Scientific Image.William Demopoulos & Bas C. van Fraassen - 1982 - Philosophical Review 91 (4):603.

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Citations of this work BETA

For Universal Rules, Against Induction.John Worrall - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (5):740-753.
On Newtonian Induction.Ori Belkind - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (4):677-697.

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