Synthese 158 (1):61-73 (2007)

Abstract
I re-examine Kuhn’s account of scientific revolutions. I argue that the sorts of events Kuhn regards as scientific revolutions are a diverse lot, differing in significant ways. But, I also argue that Kuhn does provide us with a principled way to distinguish revolutionary changes from non-revolutionary changes in science. Scientific revolutions are those changes in science that (1) involve taxonomic changes, (2) are precipitated by disappointment with existing practices, and (3) cannot be resolved by appealing to shared standards. I argue that an important and often overlooked dimension of the Kuhnian account of scientific change is the shift in focus from theories to research communities. Failing to make this shift in perspective might lead one to think that when individual scientists change theories a scientific revolution has occurred. But, according to Kuhn, it is research communities that undergo revolutionary changes, not individual scientists. I show that the change in early modern astronomy is aptly characterized as a Kuhnian revolution.
Keywords Philosophy   Philosophy of Language   Metaphysics   Epistemology   Logic   Philosophy
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s11229-006-9050-z
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 58,321
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.David Bohm - 1964 - Philosophical Quarterly 14 (57):377-379.
Thomas Kuhn.Alexander Bird - 2000 - Routledge.

View all 17 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Kuhn and the Discovery of Paradigms.K. Brad Wray - 2011 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (3):380-397.
General Solution to All Philosophical Problems With Some Exceptions.Wayde Beasley - forthcoming - north of parallel 40: Numerous uncommitted.
Taxonomies, Networks, and Lexicons: A Study of Kuhn’s Post-‘Linguistic Turn’ Philosophy.Vincenzo Politi - 2021 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 33 (2):87-103.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Review Essay: Scientific Revolutions Revisited.Slobodan Perovic - 2010 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (3):523-529.
Conceptual Transformations.Jeff Coulter - 1995 - Sociological Theory 13 (2):163-177.
Appendix (1992): Revolutions Revisited.Joseph Dauben - 1992 - In Donald Gillies (ed.), Revolutions in Mathematics. Oxford University Press. pp. 72--82.
Does Art Have Kuhnian Revolutions?H. A. Lauter - 1985 - Philosophical Inquiry 7 (1):37-44.
Unification and Revolution: A Paradigm for Paradigms.Nicholas Maxwell - 2014 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 45 (1):133-149.
The Challenge of Scientific Revolutions: Van Fraassen's and Friedman's Responses.Vasso Kindi - 2011 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (4):327-349.
Hegel and the Revolutions Revisited.Terence Renaud - 2014 - Modern Intellectual History:1-15.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
106 ( #95,176 of 2,419,781 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #351,015 of 2,419,781 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes