Creation and Metaphysics: The Way of Aquinas' Thought

Philosophy and Culture 38 (5):161-177 (2011)
Abstract
God in Aquinas's philosophy, the metaphysical interacts with creationism. Aquinas in his understanding of metaphysics in the presence of pure activity, the reality of nature, but nature is the basis of everything is what it is, thus highlighting the reality of the existence and nature of potential, as well as the nature of existence priority. He also followed the principle of existence that is good, and some perspective from the point of all things good and its existence and associated with the existence of God. Based on this, Aquinas pointed out, as the world's only first principle, the essence of God is his sheer presence, embodied the essence of creation as God and divine activity, is to give existence. The world of all things were created, there is the divided world of all things both in absolute uncreated God, but also of its own divided in the performance of ontological dependence on the nature and comfortable. Aquinas stood there on the height of the deepening of the Christian "made no in the" concept of creation, to build a new classical paradigm. In Aquinas' philosophical theology, the doctrine of creation was not only held on faith but can also be proved by a demonstration. According to Aquinas, to be is to be in act, essence is what it is to be a thing, and to be is to be good. Aquinas emphasized the reality of being, the potency of essence and the priority of being to essence. He also insisted that to be is to be good and that all things get their good and being by participation. Aquinas's doctrine of creation was corresponding with his metaphysics. God, as to its essence, is nothing but pure act. Creating, as God's divine action, is but to give being. And the creatures, as to their existence, were created by God. Although things come from God absolutely, they have their own being. Based on his ontology, Aquinas deepened the Christian doctrine of Creatio ex Nihilo and established a new classical paradigm
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