Identifying Thomas Aquinas's Theory: An Explanation from the Angle of Christian Philosophy

Philosophy and Culture 32 (5):151-164 (2005)

Tao Xu
Wuhan University
For the medieval philosophy can be legally called a "Christian philosophy", researchers have historically had numerous arguments, but has not yet reached a conclusion. In this debate, one of the most critical and most difficult problem is: the philosophy of this period and the link between Christianity gives them a positive content. From this point of view, we found a master of philosophy in the Middle Ages, Thomas Aquinas • Aquinas's system of thought, faith and reason are not two distinct ways of thinking, theology and philosophy were not two unprincipled blending together the theoretical system, but the mutual penetration and interaction of the two, is intrinsically interlinked elements. That whether the medieval philosophy can be reasonably regarded as a kind of "Christian Philosohpy" still remains a problem to its researchers. And in their disputes about this problem, the most important and difficult issue is that whether the relation between medieval philosophy and Christianity had produced any positive effects. Viewed from this angle, we find that in the theory of Thomas Aquinas, a representative figure of medieval philosophy, belief and reason are two interrelated and interpenetrated constituent elements, which are connected with each other intrinsically and necessarily, rather than two independent systems that were mixed together occasionally and unnecessarily
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