Comparative Study Concerning Chinese Logic and West Logic

Philosophy and Culture 37 (8):5-21 (2010)

Western logic, Aristotle's words in the ancient term logic, Stoic propositional logic, a few in the modern mathematical logic. Modern logic and the logic of the main difference is the ancient methods, and study like the same. Ancient logic and language closer together, more modern logic and mathematics are directly related. Chinese logic say the name of speech, said that debate, from this point of view is more similar to traditional Western logic. But this is only the surface, the Chinese logic reasoning at a deeper level or to demonstrate the effectiveness of focus. However, the Chinese form of logical reasoning, the lack of research, mainly on a theoretical level, the object non-formal logic, and in the meta-theoretical level, the performance of the laws of formal logic and logical theory. West logic includes Aristotelian categorical logic and Stoic propositional logic in ancient time and modern mathematic logic. The differences between modern logic and ancient logic mainly are the method, not the research object. Ancient logic closely links with languages ​​but modem logic more links with mathematic. Chinese logic discussed the theories of Naming , Proposition , Reasoning and Disputation , so it looks like west traditional logic only from this aspect. But this is only the surface of things, in deep levels , Chinese logic focuses on discussing the validity of reasoning and arguments as modem logic. Chinese logic is short of the study for the reasoning forms, mainly expressing as informal logic on the levels of object theory, but expressing as formal logical theory and logical law on the levels of metatheory
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