Identifying the Risky SNP of Osteoporosis with ID3-PEP Decision Tree Algorithm

Complexity 2017:1-8 (2017)

Abstract

In the past 20 years, much progress has been made on the genetic analysis of osteoporosis. A number of genes and SNPs associated with osteoporosis have been found through GWAS method. In this paper, we intend to identify the suspected risky SNPs of osteoporosis with computational methods based on the known osteoporosis GWAS-associated SNPs. The process includes two steps. Firstly, we decided whether the genes associated with the suspected risky SNPs are associated with osteoporosis by using random walk algorithm on the PPI network of osteoporosis GWAS-associated genes and the genes associated with the suspected risky SNPs. In order to solve the overfitting problem in ID3 decision tree algorithm, we then classified the SNPs with positive results based on their features of position and function through a simplified classification decision tree which was constructed by ID3 decision tree algorithm with PEP. We verified the accuracy of the identification framework with the data set of GWAS-associated SNPs, and the result shows that this method is feasible. It provides a more convenient way to identify the suspected risky SNPs associated with osteoporosis.

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