Ad Hominem Fallacies, Bias, and Testimony

Argumentation 27 (2):97-109 (2013)

Authors
Audrey Yap
University of Victoria
Abstract
An ad hominem fallacy is committed when an individual employs an irrelevant personal attack against an opponent instead of addressing that opponent’s argument. Many discussions of such fallacies discuss judgments of relevance about such personal attacks, and consider how we might distinguish those that are relevant from those that are not. This paper will argue that the literature on bias and testimony can helpfully contribute to that analysis. This will highlight ways in which biases, particularly unconscious biases, can make ad hominem fallacies seem effective, even when the irrelevance is recognized
Keywords Critical thinking  Informal logic  Ad hominem fallacies  Credibility  Testimony  Bias  Unconscious bias
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DOI 10.1007/s10503-011-9260-5
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References found in this work BETA

Trust and Antitrust.Annette Baier - 1986 - Ethics 96 (2):231-260.
The Place of Testimony in the Fabric of Knowledge and Justification.Robert Audi - 1997 - American Philosophical Quarterly 34 (4):405 - 422.

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