Non-Humean Holism, Un-Humean Holism

Environmental Values 10 (1):113-123 (2001)
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Abstract

In this article I argue that textual evidence from David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature does not support J. Baird Callicott's professedly Humean yet holistic environmental ethic, which understands the community (e.g., the biotic community) as a ‘metaorganismic’ entity ‘over and above’ its individual members. Based on Hume's reductionist account of the mind and his assimilation of the metaphysical nature of the mind to that of the community, I also argue that a Humean account of the community should be likewise reductionist. My conclusion is that Callicott's anti-reductionist holism is at least foreign to, and at worst incompatible with, Hume's philosophy.

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Citations of this work

Making and finding values in nature: From a Humean point of view.Y. S. Lo - 2006 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 49 (2):123 – 147.
The land ethic and Callicott's ethical system (1980-2001): An overview and critique.Y. S. Lo - 2001 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 44 (3):331 – 358.
A Humean Argument for the Land Ethic?Y. S. Lo - 2001 - Environmental Values 10 (4):523-539.

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References found in this work

A Treatise of Human Nature.David Hume & A. D. Lindsay - 1958 - Philosophical Quarterly 8 (33):379-380.
The Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethic.J. Baird Callicott - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics: Divergence and Convergence.
Passion and Value in Hume's Treatise.Páll S. ÁRdal - 1966 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 164 (4):466-467.
No holism without pluralism.Gary E. Varner - 1991 - Environmental Ethics 13 (2):175-179.

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