A Social Cognitive Perspective On Religious Beliefs And Psychotherapy


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Abstract
Religious life in patients with mental illness play an important role. Religious people tend to show a pattern characteristic of intuitive thinking. This kind of thinking is the result of bias hypothesis and group / group, bias. Religious positive effect on the performance of psychotherapy can provide a positive religious coping strategies; religion also provides an alternative attachment; religions advocate forgiveness, helps to regulate mood and behavior. Religious bias and prejudice resulting from cognitive psychology will affect the course of treatment, and religion would become one of the reasons leading to mental illness, negative effects of religion are also reflected in the external control of religion, which advocates freedom to explore the psychological treatment and contradicts the principles of self-development. Counselors and mental illness in religious differences mainly reflected in the attitude towards religion and coping, is leading to potential conflicts between the two root causes. Mental health practitioners and the need for religion and its relationship psychotherapy re-understanding. Religious beliefs play an important role in clients' life. Religious individuals are likely to use heuristics to form rapid judgment, which results in confirmatory and in-group/out-group biases. Religious beliefs provide order and understanding to a chaotic and unpredictable world. Many religions advocate forgiveness which is helpful in deal with conflicts. In addition, religion provides ever-present spiritual attachment figure. The negative effect is that religions promote an external locus of control, while mental health professions are based on free inquiry and self development. The coping style and attitude to religion are the difference between clients and psychiatrists, which is the main fact that causes possible conflicts between them. Psychiatrists should re-understand religion and its relation with psychotherapy to help resolving clients' problems
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