Argumentation 32 (4):569-587 (2017)

Authors
Frank Zenker
Bogazici University
Abstract
Whether abduction is treated as an argument or as an inference, the mainstream view presupposes a tight connection between abduction and inference to the best explanation. This paper critically evaluates this link and supports a narrower view on abduction. Our main thesis is that merely the hypothesis-generative aspect, but not the evaluative aspect, is properly abductive in the sense introduced by C. S. Peirce. We show why equating abduction with IBE unnecessarily complicates argument evaluation by levelling the status of abduction as a third reasoning mode. We also propose a scheme for abductive argument along with critical questions, and suggest retaining abduction alongside IBE as related but distinct categories.
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DOI 10.1007/s10503-017-9443-9
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References found in this work BETA

Argumentation Schemes.Douglas Walton, Chris Reed & Fabrizio Macagno - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
Conceptual Revolutions.Paul THAGARD - 1992 - Princeton University Press.
The Inference to the Best Explanation.Gilbert H. Harman - 1965 - Philosophical Review 74 (1):88-95.
Defeasible Reasoning.John L. Pollock - 1987 - Cognitive Science 11 (4):481-518.

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Citations of this work BETA

Abduction: Some Conceptual Issues.Mariusz Urbański & Andrzej Klawiter - 2018 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 27 (4):583.

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