Among many important claims, Allen Wood in Kant's Ethical ought proposes that Kant's philosophy of history can be grasped as a "naturalist" approach, grounding human nature in biology. I suggest some reservations. First, I question Kant's conception of biology as (a still emergent) science. Second, I question Kant's extension of his notion of "natural predisposition" to reason and freedom. Third, I question the naturalism of Kant's philosophy of history by suggesting the excessive role providence must play in Kant's account. The upshot is to find Kant's philosophy of history one of the less persuasive elements in his system of thought, despite Wood's energetic effort at a contemporary reconstruction.
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DOI 10.1163/187226308X268854
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Perpetual Peace.IMMANUEL KANT - 1940 - Philosophical Review 49:380.
A Field Guide to Recent Species of Naturalism.Alexander Rosenberg - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):1-29.

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Kant on Anatomy and the Status of the Life Sciences.Michael J. Olson - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 58:77-84.

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