Scientific inference and the pursuit of fame: A contractarian approach

Philosophy of Science 69 (2):300-323 (2002)

Abstract
Methodological norms are seen as rules defining a competitive game, and it is argued that rational recognition-seeking scientists can reach a collective agreement about which specific norms serve better their individual interests, especially if the choice is made `under a veil of ignorance', i.e. , before knowing what theory will be proposed by each scientist. Norms for theory assessment are distinguished from norms for theory choice (or inference rules), and it is argued that pursuit of recognition only affects this second type of rule. An inference rule similar to `eliminative induction' is defended on the basis of such a possible agreement. According to this contractarian approach, both the explanation and the justification of scientific norms only need to refer to the preferences of individual scientists, without assuming the existence of `collective' points of view.
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DOI 10.1086/341055
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References found in this work BETA

The Logic of Scientific Discovery.Karl Popper - 1959 - Studia Logica 9:262-265.

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Citations of this work BETA

Science Studies and the Theory of Games.P. Zamora Bonilla Jesús - 2006 - Perspectives on Science 14 (4):525-557.
A Contractarian Solution to the Experimenter’s Regress.David Teira - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):709-720.
An Economic Model of Scientific Rules.José Luis Ferreira & Jesús Zamora-bonilla - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (2):191-212.

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