Formal natural beauty

Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 101 (2):209–224 (2001)
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I defend moderate formalism about the aesthetics of nature. I argue that anti-formalists cannot account for the incongruousness of much natural beauty. This shows that some natural beauty is not kind-dependent. I then tackle several anti-formalist arguments that can be found in the writings of Ronald Hepburn, Allen Carlson, and Malcolm Budd.



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Nick Zangwill
University College London

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The Ethics of De-Extinction.Shlomo Cohen - 2014 - NanoEthics 8 (2):165-178.
Beauty.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2019 - Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy.
Sensory Force, Sublime Impact, and Beautiful Form.Eli I. Lichtenstein - 2019 - British Journal of Aesthetics 59 (4):449-464.

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References found in this work

Categories of Art.Kendall L. Walton - 1970 - Philosophical Review 79 (3):334-367.
Nature and positive aesthetics.Allen Carlson - 1984 - Environmental Ethics 6 (1):5-34.
Formal Qualities in the Natural Environment.Allen Carlson - 1979 - The Journal of Aesthetic Education 13 (3):99.

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