Filo-Sofija 11 (12 (2011/1)):129-144 (2011)

Abstract
In the paper entitled “Scientific Explanation and Metaphor” Jerzy Kmita divided all metaphors on reporting and explicative ones. He assumed that the explicative metaphors could play a cognitive function in science, and also characterized them according to Max Black’s interactive theory of metaphor. The main purpose of my paper is to analyse Kmita’s explicative conception of metaphor in the view of Lakoff & Johnson’s cognitive theory of metaphor. I attempt to show that metaphors play an important role in a process of making knowledge, especially in a conceptualization of domain being studied. In spite of an interactive account of metaphor I claim that making use of a metaphor is a process, which proceeds only in the one direction. In the last section of the paper I briefly analyse a few examples of metaphors used in natural sciences.
Keywords Metaphor  Science  Scientific Explanations  Jerzy Kmita  Lakoff & Johnson's Cognitive Theory of Metaphor
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References found in this work BETA

Models and Analogies in Science.Mary Hesse - 1965 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 16 (62):161-163.
Models and Metaphors: Studies in Language and Philosophy.William Sacksteder - 1962 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 23 (2):289-290.
Metaphor and Theory Change.Richard N. Boyd - 1993 - In A. Ortony (ed.), Metaphor and Thought, 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press.

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