Logic and Logical Philosophy 27 (4):421-451 (2018)

Frank Zenker
Bogazici University
This article provides a brief selective overview and discussion of recent research into natural language argumentation that may inform the study of human reasoning on the assumption that an episode of argumentation issues an invitation to accept a corresponding inference. As this research shows, arguers typically seek to establish new consequences based on prior information. And they typically do so vis-à-vis a real or an imagined opponent, or an opponent-position, in ways that remain sensitive to considerations of context, audiences, and goals. Deductively valid inferences remain a limiting case of such reasoning. In view of these insights, it may appear less surprising that allegedly “irrational” behavior can regularly be produced in experimental settings that expose subjects to standardized reasoning tasks.
Keywords argumentation  fallacy  inference  reasoning
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DOI 10.12775/llp.2017.029
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References found in this work BETA

Thinking, Fast and Slow.Daniel Kahneman - 2011 - New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.
The Weirdest People in the World?Joseph Henrich, Steven J. Heine & Ara Norenzayan - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):61-83.

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Axiomatic and Ecological Rationality: Choosing Costs and Benefits.Patricia Rich - 2016 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 9 (2):90.
In Defence of a Fallacy.Richard Davies - 2020 - Studia Semiotyczne 34 (2):25-42.

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