Semantic criticism: The “westernization” of the concepts in ancient Chinese philosophy—A discussion of Yan Fu's theory of Qi

Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (1):100-113 (2011)
Abstract
Every philosophical mode has a unique conceptual system. Qi has consistently been a fundamental part of ancient Chinese philosophy, and its significance is obvious. Guided by the idea of re-evaluating all values, Yan Fu, who was deeply influenced by Western philosophy and logic, used reverse analogical interpretation to present a new explanation of the traditional Chinese concept of qi. Qi thus evolved into basic physical particles. Yan’s philosophical effort has great significance: The logical ambiguity that had haunted qi was overcome. However, qi gradually evolved into a particular existence as it was Westernized. It completely lost its internal flavor as indigenous Chinese philosophy. Its previous philosophical abstraction and universality diminished and at the same time it was not Westernized into the pure concept of Hegel’s philosophy.
Keywords Qi  ontological source  Yan Fu  reverse analogical interpretation  Westernization
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DOI 10.1007/s11466-011-0127-5
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