Science in Context 33 (2):121-144 (2020)

Abstract
ArgumentThe Comparative Survey of Freedom, first published by Freedom House in 1973, is now the most widely used indicator of democracy by both academics and the U.S. government alike. However, literature examining the Survey’s origins is virtually nonexistent. In this article, I use archival records to challenge Freedom House’s retrospective account of the indicator’s creation. Rather than the outcome of a scientific methodology by multiple social scientists, the Survey was produced by a single political scientist, Raymond Gastil, according to his own hunches and impressions. How, then, did this indicator rise to such prominence? I argue that the Survey’s notoriety can be attributed to its early promotion in both political science and American foreign policy decision-making, as well as the fact that it fit the dominant scientific and political paradigms of the time.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/s0269889720000216
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 58,863
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Political Order in Changing Societies.Samuel P. Huntington - 1970 - Science and Society 34 (2):251-253.
Ideology and Utopia.Karl Mannheim, Louis Wirth & Edward A. Shils - 1937 - International Journal of Ethics 48 (1):120-128.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Radical Liberalism and Social Freedom.Gary Chartier - 2019 - In Roger Bissell, Chris Matthew Sciabarra & Ed Younkins (eds.), The Dialectics of Liberty: Exploring the Context of Human Freedom. Lanham, MD: pp. 255-74.
Harre's Social Philosophy and Political Philosophy: A Social Scientific Critique.Carl Ratner - 2009 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (4):448-465.
Public Evaluation of Society in China.Ren Liying & Zou Yuchin - 2019 - International Journal of Social Quality 9 (1):51-74.
Sport and Social Freedom.Dennis Allan Hemphill - 1990 - Dissertation, The University of Tennessee
Freedom Without Law.Harrison P. Frye - 2018 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 17 (3):298-316.
The Confucian Conception of Freedom.Chenyang Li - 2014 - Philosophy East and West 64 (4):902-919.
the Crisis Of Crisis.Brane Senegacnik - 2011 - Phainomena 76:121-132.
Politics and Freedom.James Mensch - 2006 - Idealistic Studies 36 (1):75-82.
Recent Work on God and Freedom.John Martin Fischer - 1992 - American Philosophical Quarterly 29 (2):91 - 109.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2021-03-16

Total views
1 ( #1,471,653 of 2,426,330 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #542,164 of 2,426,330 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.

My notes